Before you allocate RAM there are some things you should know:
- x64 systems can allocate up to 192GB when using Windows Professional or above. 16GB when using Windows Home Premium and 8GB when using Home Premium and Starter. Also, please be aware of the physical limits imposed by your CPU Architecture.
- x32 systems can allocate up to 1GB (This is from personal experience on a 8GB machine and a 3GB machine, please correct me if I'm wrong)
So it is recommended you have a x64 system to allocate as much RAM as possible. Try an leave at least 1GB for the general system processes and stuff like that.
Here is how you allocate RAM on a windows system:
- Create a new document and save it as
- Type the following this is for 4GB:
C:\<location to your javaw>\javaw.exe -Xmx4096M -Xms2048M -jar <location of your Minecraft exe>
So basically, the
xmx is your maximum RAM your allocating and your
xms is the minimum ram it should use.
Here is an example of an actual run.bat:
"C:\Program Files\java\bin\javaw.exe" -Xmx4096 -Xms2048 -jar "C:\users\user\Desktop\minecraft.exe"
Or if you have assigned Java in your system variables
javaw -Xmx4096 -Xms2048 -jar "C:\users\user\Desktop\minecraft.exe"
Obviously don't just copy my code, as you need to find out where A) Your javaw.exe is located and B) where your minecraft.exe
Remember: 1GB = 1024MB and 0.5GB = 512MB
NEW LAUNCHER [1.6+]
With the new launcher, it is allot easier to allocate RAM to your Minecraft. Simply go ahead and edit a profile and where it says "Java Settings (Advanced)", tick all the check boxes. Then add the amount of RAM you would like to the JVM Arguments text box. For example if I wanted to run it with 1GB I would simply type
-Xmx1G and the 1G will indicate 1GB of RAM. xmx indicates the maximum RAM to allocate.
Ensure that you have the correct path to your java and that you have JDK installed.
Simply download the tekkit pack and there is an option to play vanilla Minecraft. Simply select the "Cog" or settings icon in the top right corner and it will give you an option to allocate RAM if other methods are failing. Good Luck
Also if you are having trouble doing any of this, just simply google it and there are literally 100s of posts similar to this and allot of tutorials.