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I've decided to try the Career mode in Kerbal Space Program and I've flown a few rockets into orbit around Kerbin and landed them safely again. I've taken some mystery goo into orbit and I've taken surface samples from a few biomes on Kerbin.

But I'm now at a point where I seem to repeat myself in missions and hardly gain any Science anymore. And even if I figured out how to reach Mun or Minmus and get back again, I'm missing a few parts that are probably important for that such as landing gear and solar cells.

So my goal right now is to do some more Science on Kerbin to unlock those parts before I venture on more exciting and dangerous missions.

  • What are all the experiments I can do on and around Kerbin with the basic equipment available at the start of Career mode?
  • How do I do them in an efficient manner? It seems like I can only store one crew report per mission, so doing them in all possible situations would take forever.

Here is a screenshort of my Science Archives to roughly show what I have already done:

enter image description here

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You can get a lot of science just by sending a Kerbal into orbit around Mun and doing some science. –  SaintWacko Apr 6 at 16:08
    
@SaintWacko But how do I get the data back when I don't have access to solar cells? I've heard that transmitting science takes a lot of energy. –  Mad Scientist Apr 6 at 16:13
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Just land the kerbals, along with their science. You can usually put two goo capsules on the crew module, and I've successfully landed a science section consisting of the crew module, two goo capsules, and a science lab, just using the nose parachute. –  SaintWacko Apr 6 at 16:15
    
You can gather a lot of science still by varying biomes. Fire craft into low orbit (or almost-orbit), and do EVA-reports over each biome, for example; and try to land in all the different biomes. –  Peteris Apr 6 at 19:17

1 Answer 1

up vote 14 down vote accepted

In Kerbal Space Program, Science depends on the location and the type of experiment.

Altitude Corridor

In detail, for Kerbin, this makes five altitude corridors (with some caveats):

  • On the Ground (0m)
  • Lower Atmosphere (≤ 18km)
  • Upper Atmosphere (≤ 69km)
  • Near Space (≤ 250km)
  • Outer Space (> 250km)

Biomes

On top of that, Kerbin knows various biomes:

  • Grasslands
  • Highlands
  • Mountains
  • Deserts
  • Badlands
  • Tundra
  • Ice Caps
  • Water
  • Shores
  • KSC
  • Launch Pad
  • Runway

Experiments

Depending on the experiment, some of these altitude corridors have per-biome results, others only have one result for the entire corridor.

In particular:

The Surface Sample is a biome-dependant surface-only experiment.

The EVA Report is biome-dependant on the surface, in the lower atmosphere and in near space; it is global everywhere else.

The Crew Report is biome-dependant on the surface and in the lower atmosphere; it is global everywhere else.

The Mystery Goo Observation (available through the Mystery Goo™ Containment Unit from the Basic Rocketry tech node) is biome-dependant on the surface; it is global everywhere else.

Storing Experiments

There can only be one crew report per part that produces a crew report (that is, per capsule), which is stored in the part. It can be transmitted, in which case it makes space for a new crew report.

Both the EVA report and the Surface Sample experiments can be stored in the capsule as well, with each combination of altitude corridor and biome once. So, you can store a surface sample from every biome, and EVA reports from every biome all at once.

Transmitting Results

Results can either be recovered by landing the craft on Kerbin and then recovering it from the Tracking Station (or from the craft view, where it's hidden at the top of the screen), or by transmitting them home.

Transmission is hardly effective this early into the tech tree - you lack the electricity to send the results back. Nevertheless, you can - for example - send back one crew report to make space for another, so here's some information about transmission as well:

Every experiment has a transmission efficiency, which reduces the Science yield on transmission (as opposed to recovery).

In the case of the Surface Sample this is 25%, which makes them an undesirable candidate for transmission.

Similarly, the Mystery Goo Observation has only 30% efficiency.

All reports (be that EVA or Crew), however, return a full 100%.

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Does 25% transmission efficiency mean that I permanently lose 75% of the possible science, or that I simply have to do the same experiment four times to get all the science? –  Mad Scientist Apr 6 at 16:20
    
You have to do the experiment four times to get all the science. –  harbichidian Apr 6 at 16:21
    
@MadScientist That's a tad complicated, as it changed at various points since the original release. If I'm not mistaken, right now you have two caps: One for transmissions, one for recoveries. Once the transmission cap is used up, you can still gain more science from recovery, so it won't be lost, but (afaik) you can no longer spam transmissions to get all the science. –  user98085 Apr 6 at 16:25
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@MadScientist For every experiment type and location, there is a fixed maximum science. It will always be possible to gain all of that science, but never any more. You never have to worry about losing potential science. –  The Guy with The Elf Hat Apr 7 at 0:34
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One minor correction to your awesome answer. For the various experiments where you say, "it is global everywhere else" you might want to note that the science is determined by the nearest gravitational body. That is to say, if you are within the gravitational influence of Eve when you check Goo, you will receive different science points than you will when within the influence of Kerbin for example. –  Lumberjack Apr 7 at 20:20

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