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According to MinecraftWiki:

Ghasts are able to spawn anywhere in the Nether, as long as there is sufficient space.

Exactly how much space do they need? If one builds a base in the Nether how can it be made immune to ghast spawning?

Edit: As GnomeSlice points out ghasts (as they were originally intended) occasionally spawn in the regular world near portals. In an effort to be thorough with preventing unwanted ghasts, what is the maximum distance from a portal that a ghast can spawn in the normal world?

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@GnomeSlice: Are you sure? I thought Notch scrapped that idea. – Macha Apr 28 '11 at 15:52
@GnomeSlice - jeb says they don't. – Macha Apr 28 '11 at 15:56
@Macha Commence Comment deletion. – GnomeSlice Apr 28 '11 at 16:09
@GnomeSlice - You didn't need to do that, it was good to have the context. – newuser Apr 28 '11 at 16:11
up vote 10 down vote accepted

Sufficient space for a ghast is a 5x5x5 cube.


Notch: they should require 5*5*5 meters, but I haven't double checked it. They might spawn in 4*4*4

(Presumably in the time between Alpha 1.2 and the current version, Beta 1.6, Ghasts now definitely behave as originally intended)

Ghasts do not spawn in the normal world, despite Notch's earlier intentions.

Source (jeb)

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I think here "sufficient space" means sufficient space for the Ghast itself. Since Ghasts are 4x4x4 Having rooms smaller than this or having strategically placed pillars should prevent their spawning.

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...Ghasts are 4m cubes? Holy crap that's big. I've never actually seen one in game yet. – newuser Apr 28 '11 at 15:50
They're enormous. – Shinrai Apr 28 '11 at 16:21

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