I look forward to buying Alice: Madness Returns, but I'm not sure if will run on my 2010 MacBook Pro running Windows 7. Will it run well?
I don't have any experience with Macs, so I can't say if Bootcamp / etc makes games not work as well as on a non-Mac, but looking at the hardware, your CPU and RAM are more than sufficient.
The bottleneck in your machine will be the graphics card. According to Notebookcheck, its roughly equivalent to a Quadro FX 3500M, which I have in a laptop of mine, and is definitely better than a desktop GeForce 7600, which is the minimum requirement of the game.
Basically, provided your drivers are up to date, the game should run, but you'll probably have to lower some settings to keep it smooth and playable.
I found this link, where an Nvidia GeForce GT320 is quoted as the minimum requirement.
So, in theory, your MBP should run the game.