For the standard 5v5, if someone disconnects does their tower/creep stats change? I saw it mentioned on a forum that the tower/creeps get stronger if someone leaves.
Short answer: No
Long Answer: At one time, Turrets used to gain attack damage and attack speed for each allied champion near the tower, but this is no longer the case.
Turrets do gain attack damage as time elapses, and they do gain armor if there are no minions around (this is to discourage backdooring), but these happen regardless of the number of players connected to the game.
Additionally, Turrets lose armor and magic resistance as time elapses. This is to encourage quicker overall games.
Both neutral and non-neutral creeps don't gain any stats when someone disconnects. They gain stats as the time elapses.