This is indeed something you figure out during the course of the game (unless you are in the habit of completely ignoring computers and the e-mails they contain).
If indeed you are impatient, take a look:
The phenomenon you are experiencing is something that Tai-Yung medical (and someone else, who
I shall not name to avoid an additional unnecessary spoiler) is
behind, in order to prompt people to replace their "faulty" neural
interface augmentations with a new "improved" augmentation that does
not suffer from this fake problem. The new augmentation chip acts as
sort of a kill-switch that allows shutting off people's augmentations
remotely (and other things, again, I'm trying to avoid unnecessary
spoilers). As far as I can tell, the game never explains how this fake problem is caused, but I may have simply missed the explanation during my playthrough.
You have a chance to replace your own chip with the "improved"
version. If you do so, during a later boss fight your augmentations will be disabled.