For example, on the wiki page for the Riders, it says Death's attack does
Touch of death
8d8, Touch of death
How am I supposed to interpret
This is standard D&D terminology, where the first number (
Therefore, the damage done by Touch of Death is the sum of 8 random numbers between 1-8, which works out to a number between 8 and 64. As per liori's comment, this value is more likely to be in the middle of that range than at the ends. If you take all the possible outcomes of 8 rolls of 8 sided dice and graph the sums, you'll get a very nice bell curve. Rolling 8 or 64 would be extremely unlikely, but rolling 32 would be extremely common.
A few examples: