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After training fully in Speed EVs, is it more beneficial to train 50% in Defence and Sp.Def, or 100% in HP?

In other words, does:

HP : 0   SPD: 252
ATK: 0   SAT: 0
DEF: 128 SDF: 128

or:

HP : 252 SPD: 252
ATK: 0   SAT: 0
DEF: 0/6 SDF: 6/0

make for a more resilient Pokémon?

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To help others answer your question, can you note which version of the game you're asking about? (I assume the mechanics can vary at least a little bit between versions.) –  Panic Bomb Sep 28 '12 at 22:41
    
The mechanics have been the same since EVs were introduced, however if it helps I'm working in Generation 5. –  Niet the Dark Absol Sep 28 '12 at 23:08
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2 Answers

up vote 7 down vote accepted

It depends on the Pokemon and the base stats of that Pokemon.

It's generally a good idea to focus defensive EVs in the stat that is worse for that particular Pokemon.

For example, Wailord has a base HP stat of 170, but only a base defense of 45. He's going to have a ton of HP no matter what his EVs look like, so the boost to defense will make him more of a wall. Conversely, Golem has a base defense of 130, but only 80 base HP. You're better off training his HP because his defense will make him more resilient.

They are both important. If you have an utter lack of either one, you're going to go down pretty easily. In general, Defense is probably more important than HP, so if they're about even and you have to make a judgment call, err on the side of stacking defensive EVs instead of HP EVs. Really, if you're going for a real wall, get both. EV train HP and Defense for best results.

There are very detailed strategies for every Pokemon on Smogon, so that's a good place to start to see how people generally EV train specific Pokemon. You don't have to go exactly the way these are set up, but they're tried and true builds and are definitely a good starting point for getting into competitive play.

Another thing to note is that it's generally very difficult to have a Pokemon who is both a physical and special wall. You're better off focusing in one or the other, and maybe putting a few points in the other defense depending on what specific role you're trying to fill. A lot of competitive builds are specifically set up to withstand Attack X from Pokemon Y who is built with Choice Item Z, and to know that you only need 168 Defense EVs instead of 172 is based off knowing the metagame more than knowing general strategy. If you don't want to get into this level of ridiculous detail, then a more generic way to get similar results is to have a dedicated physical wall and a dedicated special wall as two of the six Pokemon in your team.

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Wouldn't HP be a better choice for a judgment call? After all, HP helps against both Physical and Special stuff as well as indirect damage from stuff like Poison (if you're hitting the right numbers) and self-inflicted damage from things like Substitute or Curse (on Ghosts). –  scenia Mar 7 at 8:51
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HP is slightly better than Defense or SP.Defense if all base stats are 100

if base stats are uneven such as 110 base defense and 90 base HP, then hp is better choice, 90 base defense and 110 base HP, then Defense is better

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