I am playing as HRE and have Castille under a PU.
Our relationship is strained enough as it is due to -213 AE, which makes it hard to keep the PU alive, but now a new modifier appeared:
Backward Monarch: -12
Where does this modifier come from? How is it triggered and how can I avoid it?
Does it have to do with monarch age (my king is pretty old) or with technology somehow (although I am pretty much as teched out as possible)?