I just started a 'long day' game by customizing the default world. Basically this means that I spend almost the entire game in daytime. I have a very small window of dusk and night that only last about 10 seconds each. I thought that having more time to explore and stock pile items would be helpful for eventually making it through winter (which I haven't been able to do yet). The pros for doing this seemed really obvious to me. But then I started wondering if there were any consequences to running a game that has a long day (or even a 'no night' game).
Are there certain things that happen at night that won't happen during the day that I'm missing out on? Is there anything that could eventually effect my survival?