# Understanding elemental damage on bowguns

First of all, I would like to assure you that I have done my homework when it comes to understanding damage calculation in Monster Hunter. My question is somewhat advanced because understanding damage calculation is a prerequisite.

``````Total Damage Output = ([Physical Damage Output] + [Elemental Damage Output]) * Overall Defense
``````

And of course it gets more complicated than that.

My question is on the calculation of the `Elemental Damage Output` for, say, a Light Bowgun. Most weapons in the game have a stat called `Element`, which shows the `Elemental attack` of the weapon. This value is used in the computation of the `Elemental Damage Output` as follows:

``````Elemental Damage Output = (Elemental attack / 10) * Elemental effectiveness
``````

The problem with bowguns is that they do not have any `Element` stat. So as I looked into the question (I told you I did my homework ^^), I found out that the `Element` stat for bowguns was contained within elemental shots (e.g. Flaming S, Water S, ...). For example, according to this beautifully written tutorial on bowguns that I urge every aspiring gunners to read, the stats on `Flaming S` is `7 + 45 Fire` and I would like to know what it means:

• I think the `7` is the motion value used to calculate the `Physical damage output` so that it will be 7% of the weapon's `effective power` (which takes into account the `raw damage`, the `weapon factor`and the `affinity`. Please, correct me if I'm wrong.

• I don't know what to think about the `45 Fire` damage. If such a small value is used as the `Elemental attack` in the `Elemental Damage Output` calculation (in the formula above), it makes no sense because bowguns would be severely disadvantaged because the actual elemental damage dealt would be 4.5 times some elemental effectiveness, which is usually a low percentage. So, this interpretation is likely not correct. Or am I to see the `45 Fire` damage as the result of `450 / 10`, which then needs to be multiplied by the `Elemental effectiveness`?