I see torrents mentioned on a lot of gaming sites. When I google it I get "strong and fast-moving stream of water or other liquid" -- what does it mean in relation to gaming?
Torrent actually refers to a peer-to-peer file transfer protocol called BitTorrent.
This gif and more information can be found on its Wikipedia page.
The idea is that once data gets out there, it can be distributed amongst the consumers. Because this can happen, it is often used for "illegal" download of media such as video games, movies, TV shows, and software, but can definitely be used legally.
Some examples of the usage of BitTorrent to download games (legally) is:
- Wargaming's World of Tanks and World of Warplanes launchers
- Blizzard's Battle.net downloader/launcher
- EVE Online's launcher
- Humble Bundle torrent download
Note that the launchers themselves do all the work—no need to get a client for them to operate properly.
If you are going to get a BitTorrent client, I would recommend Deluge or qBitTorrent, as they are open-source and do not include ads, which μBitTorrent and other clients do.
A torrent is not "strong and fast moving liquid" I have absolutely no idea how you got that anwser. Anyways, a torrent is a peer to peer transfer.
If you go to the www.thepiratebay.se/ "Note this website can contain harmful viruses") This is a good example of a torrent downloading site.
Torrents (most likely) are used for illegal purposes as in the website I gave you earlier. They have free games that world have costed hundreds! They also have illegal videos, movies, and software. Some have used torrents as a money avoiding process.
Here www.wiki.vuze.com/Legal_torrent_sites is a website of legal torrents
Otherwise torrent are sometimes how developers would send you their contents(installer). There are also a good way to send big files. There are many software for this case such as frostwire.
Back to your original question, in relation to gaming would be a game download. A game installer with its files. Or illegally getting paid games for free.