Pokémon have a statistic called CP. What does it do, and why is it relevant?

Is it a substitute for the nonexistent levels and statistics, or is it something completely different?

up vote 49 down vote accepted

CP is an abbreviation for Combat Power. It is an aggregate statistic that represents how powerful any specific Pokemon is, based on their IVs (Stamina, Attack, and Defense) and their current Level.

It is a safe (general) assumption that a Pokemon with a higher CP will tend to fare better in battle than one with a lower CP. If two Pokemon of the same species, CP, IV, Level, and Moveset were to battle, the fight will likely result in a draw.

CP, however, is not a determination of who wins a battle. There are a number of extra factors that influence battles:

  • Type Advantages
    Like all previous Pokemon games, type advantages between different Pokemon still take effect. For example, a Water Pokemon will have an advantage over a Fire Pokemon.
  • Same Type Attack Bonus
    If a Pokemon has the same Type as the move being used, a Pokemon will gain a 25% Attack Boost.
  • IVs
    Pokemon, like in the main series, have IVs on their core statistics. A high-Defense Pokemon may very well fare very well against a Pokemon with a higher CP, depending on the attacker's IVs.
  • Speed
    Typically, a Trainer has an inherent edge against a Gym Pokemon because a Trainer can attack faster and with more ferocity.
  • Dodging
    Trainers may "dodge" attacks from Gym Pokemon, with grants them a specific advantage that may turn the battle into their favor, regardless of IVs.

Two Pokemon with the same CP are not always equal -- they may have different levels and IVs, making them vastly different and useful (or useless) in different cases.

CP can be increased by powering up the Pokémon through the use of Candies, and through evolution. Note, however, that CP will not cause your Pokémon to evolve -- this must be separately triggered.

Pokemon CPs can range from a minimum of 10 to an upper limit determined by their IVs and a Pokemon's Level. A list of Max CPs are available here, for those who are interested.

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    Do you know if all pokemon of the same species have the same min/max CP? And you just catch some that have been powered up more? – bkribbs Jul 7 '16 at 15:06
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    How do you know the CP is an aggregate for all these other hidden stats? Is there an official source for that or is this just guesswork? It also contradicts "Two of the same Pokemon of equal CP and equal attacks will do exactly the same amount of damage to each other." because they could have different distribution of these stats, no? I've found that pokemon can have the same CP but different HP which lends credibility to the "aggregate stat" theory, but doesn't confirm it. – cbreezier Jul 12 '16 at 4:29
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    @user109486 Beta testing and game data mining. – Kaz Wolfe Jul 12 '16 at 4:30
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    @KazWolfe Hm ok, do you have a link to a writeup or any extra details? This is the only place where I've seen this theory. – cbreezier Jul 13 '16 at 3:35
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    Just to nitpick. "CP" is not an acronym. Just an abbreviation. :) – Alec Jul 18 '16 at 15:25

protected by Community Jul 17 '16 at 3:24

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