Is there a military report like in Civ5 where you could list all your units, see their health status and experience? A fast and convenient way to locate all units of a certain type would be very welcome, but I couldn't find anything like that. Did I miss it or has Civ6 no such report?
As of 220.127.116.11 there is no way to see this information as you wanted.
There is a mod called "Unit Report Screen" and as of version 1.51 you can see a more detailed list of your units as well as active trade deals from the report screen.