The new update 1.3 has added economical data however I am unable to figure out how to get this data on the galactic map. Is there some sort of technology that needs to be installed?
According to this guide, the new Economical and Conflict blueprints can be purchased at various blueprint vendors - you can find these within the space station. If your current star system does not have the blue print, simple hop to another one until you locate it
Firstly, you're going to want to find a blueprint vendor actually selling the blueprint to build one. It should cost around 400 nanite clusters to buy one however I'm not sure if this canges depending on the solar system you're in.
After you have the blueprint, it doesn't take a whole lot to build it
Once you have the blueprint you going to want around 200 Thamium and Heridium to build the tech. (I advise building it in a tech slot onboard your ship to avoid wasting cargo space.)
Once your technology has been built, you can install it into your ship to and load up the galactic map