No, not really. As the other answers have pointed out, Skyrim isn't nearly as harsh as oblivion.
There is still the prospect of overleveling, but I find that this is relatively easily recoverable- you can suffer through the hard bits by playing more carefully and 'strategically'.
Some of the others cite leveling smithing as a potential problem, but this is not the case, as smithing can be used to increase your weapon damage and armor resistance. If you find that the game has become too hard due a higher level, you can spend some time leveling smithing, and the increases power in this regard will outweigh even the further levels potentially gained by doing this, as you will be able to make weapons obscenely powerful with enough effort, and the enemies cap out after a while, not increasing in difficulty further. This is proven by the prospect of making a skill legendary, which resets it to 15- even after doing this, your armor and weapons provide you with enough momentum to get your weapon skills back on track after this, if you put enough time into smithing.
All of the 'non-combat skills' also provide you with easier means of acquiring gold, which can be spent on potions, trainers, and the like, which can make things significantly easier.
In summary, no, overleveling isn't a major problem, and it is entirely recoverable via smithing (or potentially even stealth, for that matter)