Is there a tree that once grown (from sapling to tree) it has always a X height and remain that amount forever?
No trees grow after their initial transformation from sapling to tree. You can limit the height of oak trees by building a ceiling (so that large trees don't grow). The height of the trunk will still vary though.
The most uniform type of trees are birch trees:
The trunk will grow to be 5, 6, or 7 blocks tall.
Spruce and jungle trees vary wildly and should be avoided.